The eye is one of the important sense organs for humans. Maintaining eye health can prevent you from the risk of eye disease to loss of vision. Here are some things you can do to maintain eye health.
Routine Eye Checking
Everybody, from children to old age, is recommended to have an eye specialist at least 2 years. Routine eye examination can detect early eye problems due to certain diseases, such as diabetes and high blood pressure.
Adults who are over 40 years old are even advised to have an eye exam once a year. This is useful for preventing eye diseases related to increasing age, such as macular degeneration , glaucoma, and cataracts. Whereas children must be examined, at least once every two years, to detect vision problems that might affect their learning ability. Children do not need to be able to read to do eye examinations.
Also find out the history of eye health in the family. Why? Because many eye diseases or problems are genetically inherited from parents to children. With eye examinations to doctors, various eye diseases and symptoms can be detected earlier. The treatment will certainly be easier.
Eating Nutritious Foods
Research shows that healthy foods that contain various nutrients, such as vitamins A , C and E, zinc , lutein , selenium, and omega-3 fatty acids, can help ward off age-related eye problems, such as cataracts and macular degeneration. Various nutrients can be obtained by eating green leafy vegetables, salmon, tuna, eggs, beans, and oranges.
Never Too Old Staring Electronic Screen
Staring at a computer screen or a smartphone too long can cause eye fatigue . Symptoms can include headaches, neck pain, shoulder and back pain, dry and tense eyes, difficulty focusing on the distance, and vision blurred. If you work at the computer all day, every 20 minutes divert your eyes for 6 meters for 20 seconds, to reduce eye strain. Or you can also rest your eyes for 15 minutes every 2 hours. If your eyes feel dry, wink often.
Not only does the skin need to be protected from the harmful effects of the sun's ultraviolet light, the eyes also need to. Eyes that are too often exposed to ultraviolet light can experience cataracts, macular degeneration, burning cornea, and even eye cancer . Therefore, wear sunglasses that can block UVA and UVB rays, and wear a hat when walking during the day.
Smoking can increase the risk of cataracts, macular degeneration, and damage to the optic nerve that can cause blindness and damage to the retina. Smoking can also cause accumulation of plaque in blood vessels and weaken the arteries, thereby increasing the risk of heart attack.
Removing Old Makeup
In liquid or cream eye makeup, bacteria can grow easily. Discard and change your makeup if it's been used for 3 months. Always remember not to borrow and lend makeup to and from others. And make sure to wash your face thoroughly before and after using makeup. If you experience eye irritation or infection when wearing makeup, remove the makeup and immediately see a doctor.
Research reveals that exercise can reduce the risk of loss of vision due to high blood pressure, diabetes, and high cholesterol levels.
How to maintain eye health can also be done by not ignoring various eye problems. If it feels like there are grains of sand in the eyes, rinse with clean water. If the eyes feel itchy or look red, treat them with eye drops or cold compresses.
Immediately consult an eye doctor if complaints of the eye persist, or if the eyes are painful, swollen, sensitive to light, such as there are floating dark spots when viewing, or if you experience visual impairments.