Plastic is a major component in masks, gloves, hand sanitizer bottles, protective medical clothing, COVID-19 test kits that are needed in this era. Not only that, plastic food containers, shipping packaging, and other items that are important to the community are increasing when they are not allowed to eat in restaurants.
Director General of Waste and Waste Management B3, Ministry of Environment and Forestry of the Republic of Indonesia, Rosa Vivien Ratnawati, said that the government aims to reduce 30 percent of waste in Indonesia. Rosa appreciates the efforts and initiatives of private parties such as Nestlé Indonesia to conduct refill packaging studies and their approach to consumers.
"We hope that initiatives like this can be a good learning for all stakeholders and help reduce plastic packaging waste in Indonesia," he explained, quoted from a press statement on Wednesday, September 8, 2021.
The study of packaging development with refill systems will last for 3 months in Tebet, Jakarta and PT Nestlé Indonesia to ensure the quality and safety of the products to be distributed. Cycle Bikes will distribute Nestle food and beverage products in residential areas or consumers can order through the app.
"Through this study the two companies will work together to test and customize refill solutions that will provide Indonesian consumers with an alternative and an effective way to buy consumer products while reducing the use of single-use plastics," said Jane von Rabenau, CEO &co-founder of Cycle.
The collaboration of pilot programs and studies with Nestlé Indonesia is an important first step to solving the problem of plastic waste on a larger scale. Products that will be sold to consumers using refillable packaging that is guaranteed cleanliness and safety.
"Consumers will also get storage and consumption instructions. In addition, we ask consumers to help ensure the cleanliness of food containers to be brought, to ensure the safety and quality of products," said Head of Sustainability, PT Nestlé Indonesia, Prawitya Soemadijo.
Furthermore, removing medical waste and other plastic waste indiscriminately will certainly be bad for health. What are the adverse effects of this waste, especially in this pandemic era? Here's the review.
Digestive system problems
Overflowing trash cans are an ideal breeding ground for bacteria, insects, and pests. Flies that visit the trash can are also the same flies that roam around your lunch buffet and drop their dropping dirt on your plate.
Thus, they increase your risk of contracting salmonella, which causes typhoid fever, food poisoning, enteric fever, gastroenteritis, and other major illnesses. In addition to flies, other animals that breed from litter in and around containers include rats, foxes, and wild dogs.
Air pollution and respiratory diseases
One of the consequences of overflowing waste is air pollution, which causes various respiratory diseases and other adverse health effects because contaminants are absorbed from the lungs to other parts of the body. Toxic substances in the air contaminated by waste include carbon dioxide, nitrous oxide, and methane.
In everyday life we identify polluted air primarily through unpleasant odors, which are usually caused by decomposition and liquid waste. In the time of pandemic, of course this will trigger dangers that may aggravate the symptoms of COVID-19.
Skin and intestinal infections
For garbage collection staff, the risks of taking and dealing with overflowing waste include infections, chronic diseases, and accidents.
Direct contact with waste can result in skin and blood infections through infected wounds, various diseases from bites of animals that feed on the waste, and intestinal infections transmitted by flies that feed on the waste.
Picking up overflowing waste is also at risk due to sharp objects, needles and potentially dangerous waste.