Toothpaste is a paste that is formulated using several ingredients to improve a person's oral hygiene. Toothpaste may have several different functions according to the ingredients added, such as whitening toothpaste, cavity preventer, fresh breath maker, and others. However, basically toothpaste has five main ingredients that become the basic constituent ingredients.
Flouride is the most common ingredient we know is in toothpaste. This material is a mineral that can prevent cavities. Flouride works by strengthening tooth enamel so that it is not easily perforated when there are bacteria or acidic foods and drinks.
2. Abrasive materials
Although toothpaste feels very soft, it turns out toothpaste contains abrasive ingredients. This abrasive material serves to clean the surface of the teeth from plaque and food waste mechanically.
These abrasive materials should be rough enough to clean the surface of the teeth, but smooth enough not to injure the gums or actually erode the surface of the teeth. Some of the abrasive materials commonly used in toothpaste include calcium carbonate, silica, phosphate salts, and aluminum oxide.
Generally, we brush our teeth not only to clean our teeth, but also to refresh the mouth. Fresh taste when brushing your teeth can add a sense of fun and a cleaner tooth taste.
Therefore, commonly used flavor enhancers are usually refreshing flavors such as mint, menthol, and other flavorings, including sweeteners. Sweeteners used such as sortbitol. Sorbitol is an artificial sweetener that gives toothpaste a taste, but does not contain sugar that can cause cavities.
Humectants are ingredients that keep toothpaste moist so that toothpaste does not dry and clump. In addition, humectants are also an ingredient that makes toothpaste look smooth. Examples of humectant ingredients used in toothpaste are sorbitol and glycerin.
Detergent is the ingredient that causes toothpaste to foam. This material helps optimize the cleaning process by the surface of the brush and abrasive material.
However, in some people, this detergent material causes sensitivity to the surface of the mouth. It is important to know if the surface of your mouth is sensitive to certain detergent ingredients. An example of a detergent is sodium lauryl sulfate (SLS).