The warning follows projection models by the U.S. Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA), as well as the U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration (NOAA).
In the report of the two space agencies, it shows that the Solar storm will be heading towards the Earth's magnetic field.
"A direct hit based on NOAA and NASA's solar storm prediction models shows the storm hit April 14, just ahead of the sun's rapid wind flow," space weather expert Tamitha Skov told the Express.
According to NOAA records, a number of powerful geomagnetic storms have been observed in recent hours after intensive activity on the Sun caused two different filament eruptions.
This phenomenon is known as coronal mass ejection (CME).
CME is the release of large plasma from the Sun's corona, which contains billions of tons of particles and moves very quickly followed by a magnetic field that binds to it. So it triggers a geomagnetic that can have an impact on the Earth.
Quoted from the LAPAN page, Friday (10/22/2021) a solar storm occurs when one part of the sun or an active area and/or part of the coronal mass ejection is ejected into space.
So, it can be interpreted that a solar storm is an event in the sun in the form of an explosion and the scale of the explosion is large. Then, the impact can be felt to Earth.
Meanwhile, NASA estimates that the geomagnetic storms that will occur belong to the G2 class category.
The U.S. Space Weather Center (SWPC) has provided a class for solar storms, from the lowest G1 scale and the extreme G5.
However, even the lightest solar storm can cause fluctuations in the power grid, even the operation of satellites in orbit. Then radio signals, navigation systems, as well as migratory animals can be disrupted due to this phenomenon.
When a geomagnetic storm comes into contact with earth's magnetic field, it has the potential to cause radio blackouts, even power outages if it directly strikes the transformer.
"The risk of radio outages remains low, but amateur #radio operators and GPS users face interference on the night side of the Earth," Skov wrote on his Twitter account.
On the other hand, the Solar storm that is predicted to occur on April 14, 2022 causes extraordinary views of auroras, such as the famous Northern Lights.
If the sky conditions are clear, the aurora borealis could also be seen in a number of countries including northern England and Northern Ireland.
Skov added, based on NASA's prediction model, the Solar storm will hit Earth at 12:00 local time.
The NOAA model, which shows arrivals a little earlier, is at 7 a.m.
The storm comes after a G3-class geomagnetic storm hit Earth's atmosphere recently.
Solar storms destroyed 40 of SpaceX's 49 Starlink internet satellites earlier this year. As a result, Elon Musk's company's satellite crashed and burned up in Earth's atmosphere.